What is the Internet of Things?

Widely regarded as one of the biggest technology revolutions to hit the communications world, the IoT comprises objects attached to smart nodes that can be connected to the Internet. It is generally believed that the IoT will grow to encompass billions of objects, each either having unique or group addressability, with or without human participation.

By this means, it will be able remotely to monitor, update and direct the behaviour of very high numbers of objects, in order to provide users with useful information, or to increase the efficiency or performance of related services.

Development of the IoT is primarily a hardware activity, but it is associated with specialised operating and application software capable of processing huge volumes of data (‘Big Data’).

The IoT implies internet connectivity and addressability, but will not constitute a single, open, interactive domain. Rather, a combination of closed and open-loop entities will emerge, to accommodate the myriad applications enabled by IoT technology and techniques.

Associated vocabularies, features and automated activities including M2M (Machine to Machine) and the Internet of Everything, are bound up with the IoT.